While most of the devastation from the tsunami took place in the Eastern part of the Indian Ocean (Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India), its Western shore was not spared, and substantial damage was wrought in Somalia, where upwards of 300 deaths were reported.

Even though the island country of Madagascar was little affected by the tsunami (only one casualty was deplored and damage amounted to marginally flooded houses and an unspecified but low number of damaged or lost fishing boats), it was deemed important to fully document and quantify the effect of the tsunami in order to provide a full coverage of surveys around the entire Indian Ocean Basin.


Madagascar is an island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique. It is slightly less than twice the size of Arizona.

20 00 S, 47 00 E

Lowest Point:  Indian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point: Maromokotro 2,876 m